Biology

Purpose of studying Biology at A-Level

The value of learning H2 Biology ultimately hinges on the development of a scientific mind and dispositions while addressing the broader questions of what life is and how life is sustained. The Science Curriculum Framework developed by the Ministry of Education elaborates on the development of the scientific mind and dispositions. Through the study of the H2 Biology course, students should be prepared for life science-related courses at university and, consequently, careers that are related to this field.

Connections between Biology at A- and O-Levels

The Biology syllabus is developed as a seamless continuum from O-Level to A-Levels, without the need for topics to be revisited at A-Level. The O-Level syllabus is foundational and thus should provide the necessary background for study at A-Level. Students who intend to offer H2 Biology will therefore be assumed to have knowledge and understanding of O-Level Biology.

Curriculum


H1 Biology (8876)


The syllabus has been designed to build on and extend the content coverage of Biology at O-Levels.

The H1 Biology content is a subset of H2 Biology. However, the difficulty and rigour of the subject will be equivalent to H2 Biology. 

The syllabus consists of 4 Core Ideas and 1 Extension Topic:
  • The Cell and Biomolecules of Life (Cellular Structures, Biomolecules of Life, Cell Transport, Proteins & Stem Cells)

  • Genetics and Inheritance (Structure of Nucleic Acids & Genetic Expression, DNA Mutations, Cell Cycle & Inheritance)

  • Energetics (Transformation of Energy between Environment & Organisms)

  • Biological Evolution (Natural Selection & Adaptation)

  • Extension Topic: Impact of Climate Change

 

There is no Practical Examination for H1 Biology.


H2 Biology (9744)


The syllabus has been designed to build on and extend the content coverage of Biology at O-Levels.

The syllabus consists of 4 Core Ideas and 2 Extension Topics:

  • The Cell and Biomolecules of Life (Cellular Structures, Biomolecules of Life, Cell Transport, Proteins & Stem Cells)

  • Genetics and Inheritance (Structure of Nucleic Acids & Genetic Expression, Organization of Genomes, Control of Gene Expression, DNA Mutations, Cell Cycle & Inheritance)

  • Energetics (Transformation of Energy between Environment & Organisms, Communication & Equilibrium in Organisms)

  • Biological Evolution (Natural Selection & Adaptation, Evolution & Biodiversity, Species & Speciation)

  • Extension Topics:

    • (A) Infectious Diseases & 
    • (B) Impact of Climate Change on Animals and Plants

 

Students will sit for a Practical Examination at the end of JC2.


H3 Biology


H3 Biology is only offered to JC2 students. The H3 Biology syllabus is designed around specific areas of specialization. Students offered H3 Biology will take the external H3 Biology course at the Nanyang Technological University.



For H1 & H2 Biology


Students intending to offer H1 or H2 Biology are assumed to have good knowledge and understanding of Pure Biology at ‘O’ Levels.  It is also assumed that candidates are competent in the fundamental mathematical manipulation of data and numbers.

Students can refer to the full syllabus for H1 Biology (8876) and H2 Biology (9744) at the Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board website (www.seab.gov.sg).

For H3 Biology


Students intending to offer H3 Biology should simultaneously offer H2 Biology and possess a strong passion in the area of specialisation.  In addition, the other selection criteria include: consistently good academic performance, good learning attitude and behaviour, and teachers' recommendation.